What is long and what is short?
||Either long or short
||α and υ and ι can be either long or short. In most cases that is indicated by a macron over the vowel. Which makes for very complicated typing (and difficult reading, because in combination with other diacritics it becomes sort of fuzzy). It's generally pretty obvious anyway.|
||η and ω |
and diphthongs: ει, αι, οι, ou...
||Odd man out
||nominative/vocative plural endings
-οι and -αι count as short.
αἱ ἄγκυραι γλῶτται ἑορταί
ἄγκυρα looks funny but pronounced "ankura" is not difficult to recognize as "anchor" (of a ship)
And γλῶττα appears in polyglot (who speaks with many tongues)