So far the story has been told in the present tense, as if it were happening right now.|
Which of course it isn't. It all took place nearly 2500 years ago, so we had better learn how to understand verb forms used to describe past events.
We'll need 2 tenses:
Imperfect for progressive or repeated aspectI used to write letters to my mother. Imperfect: ἔγραφον
I was writing a letter to her [when she rang]. Imperfect: ἔγραφον
I didn't finish that letter. Aorist: οὐκ ἔγραψα
This ἔγραψα is 1st aorist (lesson 12), endings in α, stem changes according to definite rules
Philip having become blind, what were they to do? They couldn't go home, but it was too late to find a doctor.
ἀφ' ἵππων μάχονται