1st Aorist: Indicative
What happened? (story-telling, actions, specific/precise/one-off facts.
|ἐ||past tense marker|
|ε(ν)||past tense ending, 3rd person singular|
And, as happens in the future, for contract verbsFirst Aorist Active Endings:
stem ending α, ε lengthen to η and
stem ending ο lengthens to ω.
The 1st aorist (like the 2nd aorist and the imperfect) has secondary endings but with an α instead of ο/ε (except for the he, she, it form)
As προσχωρέω "I approach" is a compound verb I inserted a hyphen to show that the past tense marker is put in front of the base verb, NOT before the compound prefix.
What happened next? Dikaiopolis knocked on the door.
So how would you ask who knocked?
How would you say that you personally knocked?
that the guards knocked?
Why ψ instead of ἔκοπτσα? Because in ancient Greek τ is always dropped before sigma. There is NO τσ combination, nor δσ, θσ. τ, δ and θ are always dropped when supposed to be followed by a sigma, in the future as well as in the 1st aorist.
Which leaves a ps sound that must be written ψ because there is no such thing as a πσ combination. Just as there is no κσ, γσ or χσ, all pronounced ks and spelt ξ.
Note The only time you see a κσ instead of ξ is in compound words like ἐκ-σώζω for instance, where the word beginning with a sigma is preceded by the preposition/prefix ἐκ.
will do it
|Aorist Indicative |