τέλος δὲ εἰς τὸν λιμένα ἀφίκοντο.
ἐνταῦθα δὲ τί πάσχουσιν;

What scene greeted them on arrival at the harbour? And how did it affect them?
What did they do to cheer themselves up?
Who saved them? How?
What happens in most southern countries when a price is stated for anything, goods or services?
Who had the upper hand, haggled best?
Finally, tearful good-byes and off we sail into the sunset - literally, Epidaurus lying southwest of Piraeus. But they are sailing due west first, towards the island of Salamis which will be the subject of lesson 13. And the sun rises in the east but sets in the west, over Salamis (for those coming from Athens).
   καὶ ὁ ἥλιος ἀνατέλλει ἐν τῇ ἀνατολῇ ,
      καταδύνει δὲ ἐν τῇ ἑσπέρᾳ.

Interestingly, evening and west are the same word in Greek, because the sun sets in the west in the evening.
Of course the sun isn't setting yet, it's early still, just a manner of speaking.

ἡ ναῦς πρὸς ἑσπέραν  πλεῖ, 
πρῶτον μὲν πρὸς τὴν Σαλαμῖνα, 
ἔπειτα δὲ πρὸς τὴν  Ἐπίδαυρον τὴν ἐν τῇ Πελοποννήσῳ κειμένην.


The 4 Cardinal Points
    ἡ ἄρκτος 
ἡ ἑσπέρα
αἱ δυσμαί

the west
      ἡ ἀνατολή
the east
    ἡ μεσημβρία
south and also
ἡ ἀρκτος gave us Arctic Ocean and
ἡ ἀρκτος gave us Arctica (the continent)
Antarctica is situated ἀντί i.e. on the opposed side of Arctica.
But  ἀρκτος  also means bear, not just polar bear, but bear bear, any bear.
The other word for west,  αἱ δυσμαί  is related to the sun 'goes down'
ὁ ἥλιος καταδύεται or καταδύνει
which we came across in lesson 1:
τέλος δὲ καταδύνει ὁ ἥλιος. οὐκέτι οὖν πονεῖ ὁ Δικαιόπολις,
ἀλλὰ πρὸς τὸν οἶκον βαδίζει.

And the main part of Turkey, τὸ μέγα μέρος τὸ ἐν τῇ Ἀσίᾳ κείμενον, is called Anatolia because it is situated ἐν τῇ τῆς χώρας ἀνατολῇ.